Monday, September 30, 2013

The Clockwork Perfection Of An Automaton By Pierre Jaquet-Droz

Mechanical devices never fail to intrigue our imagination. When these devices are created using trompe l'oeil, the viewer can become engaged in a vastly different way. Not only are you as the viewer witnessing a device that operates for a specific function, but several of the characteristics that define it's visage are also part of the design.

Automaton's are a pre-cursor to the modern computer as they were designed to be highly programmable and they also function in the visual realm. Have a look below at a few of the amazing automaton's that were created by talented engineers whose curiosity and artistic flair merged together for timeless entertainment.

View a few more posts about Automaton's:

Demon Automaton from Milan

Tipu's Tiger crafted in India

Singing Bird Pistols

More on Pierre Jacquet-Droz from Wikipedia

(1721–1790) was a Swiss-born watchmaker of the late eighteenth century. He lived in Paris, London, and Geneva, where he designed and built animated dolls, or automata, to help his firm sell watches and mechanical birds.

Constructed between 1768 and 1774 by Pierre Jaquet-Droz, his son Henri-Louis (1752-1791), and Jean-Frédéric Leschot (1746-1824) were The Writer (made of 6000 pieces), The Musician (2500 pieces), and The Draughtsman (2000 pieces).

His astonishing mechanisms fascinated the kings and emperors of Europe, China, India, and Japan.

Some consider these devices to be the oldest examples of the computer. The Writer has an input device to set tabs that form a programmable memory, 40 cams that represents the read-only program, and a quill pen for output. The work of Pierre Jaquet-Droz predates that of Charles Babbage by decades. The Jaquet-Droz automata

The automata of Jaquet-Droz are also considered to be some of the finest examples of human mechanical problem solving. Three particularly complex and still functional dolls, now known as the Jaquet-Droz automata, are housed at the art and history museum in Neuchâtel, Switzerland.

He once constructed a clock which was capable of the following surprising movements: There were seen on it a negro, a dog, and a shepherd; when the clock struck, the shepherd played six tunes on his flute, and the dog approached and fawned upon him. This clock was exhibited to the King of Spain, who was delighted with it. "The gentleness of my dog," said Droz, "is his least merit; if your Majesty touch one of the apples, which you see in the shepherd's basket, you will admire the fidelity of this animal." The King took an apple, and the dog flew at his hand, and barked so loud, that the King's dog, which was in the room, began also to bark; at this the Courtiers, not doubting that it was an affair of witchcraft, hastily left the room, crossing themselves as they went out. The minister of Marine was the only one that ventured to stay. The king having desired him to ask the negro what o'clock it was, the minister obeyed, but he obtained no reply. Droz then observed, that the negro had not yet learned Spanish. 

Pierre Jaquet-Droz
Back of automaton by Pierre Jaquet-Droz showing the complex cam system
Back of automaton by Pierre Jaquet-Droz
Complex detail photo of movable type used in automaton by Pierre Jacquet-Droz