Wednesday, December 21, 2011

How A Manual Transmission Works

Any custom ride needs to have a solid transmission to mate up to that roaring beast you know of as the motor. The more tricked out the motor, the more torque to be pushed through the transmission and ultimately to make those wheels hitting the road burnin' the rubber. Transmissions are quite complicated and not to be undertaken without an affinity for complex puzzles where wrong torque specs, left over parts or cheap components will leave you stranded on the side of the road quickly. We found a killer video over on about gears, transmissions and clutches. These two videos should help to give mucho insight into how your vehicle is able to move forward. 

Manual transmissions often feature a driver-operated clutch and a movable gear stick. Most automobile manual transmissions allow the driver to select any forward gear ratio ("gear") at any time, but some, such as those commonly mounted on motorcycles and some types of racing cars, only allow the driver to select the next-higher or next-lower gear. This type of transmission is sometimes called a sequential manual transmission. Sequential transmissions are commonly used in auto racing for their ability to make quick shifts.[citation needed] Manual transmissions are characterized by gear ratios that are selectable by locking selected gear pairs to the output shaft inside the transmission. Conversely, most automatic transmissions feature epicyclic (planetary) gearing controlled by brake bands and/or clutch packs to select gear ratio. Automatic transmissions that allow the driver to manually select the current gear are called Manumatics. A manual-style transmission operated by computer is often called an automated transmission rather than an automatic. Contemporary automobile manual transmissions typically use four to six forward gears and one reverse gear, although automobile manual transmissions have been built with as few as two and as many as eight gears. Transmission for heavy trucks and other heavy equipment usually have at least 9 gears so the transmission can offer both a wide range of gears and close gear ratios to keep the engine running in the power band. Some heavy vehicle transmissions have dozens of gears, but many are duplicates, introduced as an accident of combining gear sets, or introduced to simplify shifting. Some manuals are referred to by the number of forward gears they offer (e.g., 5-speed) as a way of distinguishing between automatic or other available manual transmissions. Similarly, a 5-speed automatic transmission is referred to as a "5-speed automatic."
Transmission Gear Assembly from a CAD drawing
Exploded view of a BMW X3 Transmission
2012 Harley Gear Box with exploded view of shift arm
CAD Drawing of automatic Transmission from a Honda
Here is how to ruin your vehicle and make rednecks excited world wide